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21
Apr

Lyco. Co. Moxie Plant: All The Dirty Details


Below is the permit application for Moxie Patriot LLC’s natural gas-fired plant in Lycoming County, PA. Note that the plant will emit at least 2.7 million tons of greenhouse gasses each year.

41-00084A: Moxie Patriot, LLC (612 Center Street South, Suite 200, Vienna, VA 22180) has submitted an application to the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection for plan approval to construct a natural gas-fired combined-cycle power plant to produce 944 MW or less of electricity in Clinton Township, Lycoming County. The project consists of two identical 1 x 1 power blocks, and each block includes a combustion gas turbine and a steam turbine. Each combined-cycle process involves the combustion turbine and a heat recovery steam generator with duct burner firing capabilities. Additionally, one diesel-fired emergency generator, one diesel-fired fire water-pump, two diesel-fuel storage tanks, two lube oil storage tanks, and one aqueous ammonia storage tank were proposed to be constructed and operated. Each combined-cycle process will be rated at 472 MW or less. The heat input rating of each combustion gas turbine is 2890 MMBtu/hr (HHV) or less, and the heat input rating of each supplemental duct burner is equal to 387 MMBtu/hr (HHV) or less. This application is subject to the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) of Air Quality regulations of 40 CFR 52.21, the Nonattainment New Source Review (NNSR) regulations of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.201—27.217, and the Best Available Technology (BAT) requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12. The facility’s particulate matter less than 10 microns and particulate matter less than 2.5 microns, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, and greenhouse gas emissions are subject to the PSD requirements. The facility’s nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds emissions are also subject to the NNSR requirements. The Department has determined that the proposed levels of the air contaminants emissions satisfy best available control technology (BACT) and Lowest Achievable Emission Rate (LAER) requirements as well as the Department’s BAT requirements.
  The facility is also subject to the following Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources (NSPS): 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart KKKK—Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines codified in 40 CFR 60.4300 through 60.4420; and 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart IIII—Standards of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines codified in 40 CFR 60.4200 through 60.4219. The proposed project is also subject to the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines codified 40 CFR 63.6580 through 63.6675 as applicable to the proposed diesel-fired engines. The Department has determined that this facility satisfies all applicable requirements of these subparts including Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) requirements.
 Pursuant to the PSD provisions of 40 CFR 52.21 and 25 Pa. Code § 127.83, Moxie Patriot has performed an air quality analysis which utilizes dispersion modeling. The Moxie Patriot air quality analysis satisfies the requirements of the PSD regulations and is consistent with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) ”Guideline on Air Quality Models,” codified in Appendix W to 40 CFR Part 51, and EPA modeling policy and guidance. The Moxie Patriot air quality analysis adequately demonstrates that Moxie Patriot’s proposed emissions will not cause or significantly contribute to air pollution in violation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM-2.5), and particulate matter less than or equal to 10 micrometers in diameter (PM-10), and the PSD increment standards for NO2 PM-2.5, and PM-10. In addition, the analysis adequately demonstrates that Moxie Patriot’s proposed emissions, in conjunction with anticipated emissions due to general commercial, residential, industrial, and other growth associated with the Moxie Patriot facility, will not impair visibility, soils, and vegetation. Furthermore, the analysis adequately demonstrates that Moxie Patriot’s proposed emissions will not adversely affect air quality related values (AQRVs), including visibility, in Federal Class I areas.
  In accordance with 40 CFR 52.21(l)(2), where an air quality model specified in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix W (EPA’s Guideline on Air Quality Models) is inappropriate, the model may be modified on a case-by-case basis. Written approval of the EPA Regional Administrator must be obtained for the use of a modified model. In addition, the use of a modified model must be subject to notice and opportunity for public comment under procedures developed in accordance with 40 CFR 52.21(q). The air quality analysis for NO2 for the proposed Moxie Patriot facility utilizes the Plume Volume Molar Ratio Method (PVMRM), which is currently implemented as a non-regulatory default option within the EPA’s recommended near-field dispersion model, the American Meteorological Society / Environmental Protection Agency Regulatory Model (AERMOD). In accordance with the recommendations under section 3.2 of 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix W, the Department has submitted a request to EPA Region III for approval of the use of PVMRM within AERMOD for the MoxiePatriot air quality analysis for NO2. Pursuant to 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.44, 127.83 and 40 CFR 52.21(l)(2) and (q), notice is hereby given that the Department is expressly soliciting written comments on the use of PVMRM in the Moxie Patriot air quality analysis for NO2.
 The Department’s review of the information submitted by Moxie Patriot indicates that the proposed sources and associated control devices will meet all applicable federal and state air quality regulatory requirements pertaining to air contamination sources and the emission of air contaminants, including the Department’s BAT requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12. Based on these findings, the Department intends to approve the application and issue a plan approval for the proposed construction and operation of the sources and air cleaning devices as indicated in this application. The facility will be a major (Title V) facility. The following is a summary of the conditions that the Department proposes to place in the plan approval to be issued to ensure compliance with all applicable air quality regulatory requirements:
  1. [Compliance with the nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide emissions limits in this condition will assure compliance with the nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide standards specified in 40 CFR 60.4320 and 60.4330, respectively as well as the limitations of 25 Pa. Code Chapter 123, relating to particulate matter emissions and sulfur compound emissions]
  Pursuant to the best available control technology of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions in 40 CFR 52.21 and of 25 Pa. Code § 127.83 and the lowest achievable emission rate of the New Source Review Regulation provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.201—127.217 as well as the best available technology provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12,
  (a) Emissions from the operation of each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall not exceed the limits specified below:
 i. Carbon monoxide: 2.0 ppmdv
 ii. Nitrogen oxides (expressed as NO2): 2.0 ppmdv
 iii. Volatile organic compounds: 1.0 ppmdv (without duct burner firing) and 1.5 ppmdv (with duct burner firing)
 iv. Sulfur dioxide: 0.0011 lb/MMBtu
 v. Total (filterable and condensable) Particulate Matter: 0.0057 lb/MMBtu
 vi. Total PM10: 0.0057 lb/MMBtu
 vii. Total PM2.5: 0.0057 lb/MMBtu
 viii. H2SO4: 0.00017 lb/MMBtu
 ix. NH3: 5 ppmdv
 (b) ppmdv = parts per million volume on a dry gas basis, corrected to 15 percent O2
 (c) The above emissions limits shall apply at all times except for periods of startup and shutdown.
  2. Pursuant to the best available control technology of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions in 40 CFR 52.21 and of 25 Pa. Code § 127.83, as well as the best available technology provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the emission of visible air contaminants from the operation of each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall not be in excess of 10% opacity for any 3-minute block and 20% at any time.
  3. Pursuant to the best available control technology of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions in 40 CFR 52.21 and of 25 Pa. Code § 127.83, as well as the best available technology provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall be fired on only natural gas. The sulfur content of the natural gas shall not exceed 0.4 grain/100 scf.
  4. Unless otherwise specified in this plan approval, the emissions limits for Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall apply at all times except for periods of startup and shutdown.
 (a) Startup and shutdown are defined as follows:
  i. A cold start is defined as a restart occurring 72 hours or more after shutdown and shall not be in excess of 79 minutes in duration.
  ii. A warm start is defined as a restart occurring between 12 to 72 hours after shutdown and shall not be in excess of 68 minutes in duration.
  iii. A hot start is defined as a restart occurring less than 12 hours after shutdown and shall not be in excess of 58 minutes in duration.
  iv. Startup is defined as the period between the commencement of ignition and when the combined-cycle powerblock reaches 60 percent operating level.
 v. Shutdown shall not occur for more than 16 minutes in duration.
  vi. Shutdown is defined as the period between the time that the Mitsubishi combined-cycle powerblock drops below 50 percent operating level and the fuel is cut to the unit and between the time that the Siemens combined-cycle powerblock drops below 60 percent operating level and the fuel is cut to the unit.
  (b) The permittee shall record the time, date and duration of each startup and shutdown as well as the reason for each startup and shutdown.
  5. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the combined total hours of startups and shutdowns for each of the combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall not exceed 500 hours in any 12 consecutive month period.
  6. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code § 127.12b, within 180 days of the commencement of operation of each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104, the permittee shall conduct EPA reference method testing on each respective unit for nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, ammonia slip, volatile organic compounds, sulfur oxides (SO2), sulfuric acid mist, total PM, total PM10, total PM2.5, formaldehyde and hexane emissions.
 (a) Subsequent EPA reference method testing for volatile organic compounds, sulfur oxides (SO2), sulfuric acid mist, total PM, total PM10, total PM2.5, formaldehyde and hexane emissions shall be conducted every two years from the date of the previous tests.
  (b) All testing shall be performed at operating conditions that will demonstrate compliance with all emissions limitations specified in this plan approval.
 7. The permittee shall comply with all applicable testing requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4400.
 8. The permittee shall comply with all applicable testing requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4405.
 9. The permittee shall comply with all applicable testing requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4415.
  10. The permittee shall install, certify, maintain and operate continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) for nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and ammonia emissions as well as volumetric flow on the exhaust of each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 in accordance with all applicable requirements specified in 25 Pa. Code Chapter 139 and the Department’s ”Continuous Source Monitoring Manual.” No CEMS or flow monitoring system may however be installed unless Phase I approval has first been obtained from the Department.
  (a) The permittee shall submit a Phase I application to the Department for all CEMS and flow monitoring systems to be associated with each combined-cycle powerblock at least 180 days prior to the expected commencement of operation date of each respective unit.
  (b) The continuous emission monitoring systems shall be capable of monitoring the nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide and ammonia concentrations, expressed in ppmv, emission rates, expressed in pound per hour, and total emission in any 12 consecutive month period, expressed in tons per year, of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and ammonia.
  11. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the pressure differential across the selective catalytic reduction catalysts incorporated into IDs C101, C102, C103 and C104 as well as the catalyst inlet and outlet temperatures shall be monitored and recorded on a continuous basis. Visual and audible alarms shall be utilized to indicate improper operation.
  12. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the pre-control and post-control nitrogen oxides (expressed as NO2) emissions from Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall be monitored and recorded by the feed-forward process control loop to ensure maximum control efficiency and minimum ammonia slip. Visual and audible alarms shall be utilized to indicate improper operation.
  13. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the pressure differential across the oxidation catalyst incorporated into IDs C101A, C102A, C103A and C104A as well as the catalyst inlet and outlet temperatures shall be monitored and recorded on a continuous basis. Visual and audible alarms shall be utilized to indicate improper operation.
  14. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, a monitoring system shall be in each stack to monitor and record percent oxygen levels to ensure maximum combustion efficiency. Visual and audible alarms shall be utilized to indicate improper operation.
  15. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the permittee shall monitor and record the pressure differential across the inlet air filters for Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 on a weekly basis.
 16. The permittee shall use one of the following sources of information to monitor the SO2 emission from the combustion turbines and heat recovery steam generators incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104.
  (a) The fuel quality characteristics in a current, valid purchase contract, tariff sheet or transportation contract for the fuel, specifying that the maximum total sulfur content for natural gas use in continental areas is 0.4 grains of sulfur or less per 100 standard cubic feet and has potential sulfur emissions of less than 0.0011 lb SO2/MMBtu heat input; or
 (b) Representative fuel sampling data which show that the sulfur content of the fuel does not exceed 0.0011 lb SO2/MMBtu heat input. At a minimum, the amount of fuel sampling data specified in 40 CFR 75 section 2.3.1.4 or 2.3.2.4 of appendix D is required.
 17. The permittee shall comply with the applicable monitoring requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4340.
 18. The permittee shall comply with the applicable monitoring requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4345.
 19. The permittee shall comply with the applicable monitoring requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4350.
 20. The permittee shall comply with the applicable monitoring requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4360.
 21. The permittee shall comply with the applicable monitoring requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4370.
  22. Pursuant to the best available control technology (BACT) of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions in 40 CFR 52.21 and 25 Pa. Code § 127.83, as well as the best available technology (BAT) provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the permittee shall monitor and keep records of the amount of fuel used each month in each of the combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 as well as the monthly heat input (MMBtu), power output (MW-hr) and hours of operation of each unit to verify compliance with the input-based BACT and BAT efficiency limitations.
  (a) All information used to satisfy this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  23. The permittee shall keep accurate and comprehensive records of one of the following sources of information to verify compliance with the monitoring requirements in 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart KKKK and SO2 emissions limitations for the combustion turbines and heat recovery steam generators incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104.
  (a) The fuel quality characteristics in a current, valid purchase contract, tariff sheet or transportation contract for the fuel, specifying that the maximum total sulfur content for natural gas use in continental areas is 0.4 grains of sulfur or less per 100 standard cubic feet and has potential sulfur emissions of less than 0.0011 lb SO2/MMBtu heat input; or
 (b) Representative fuel sampling data which show that the sulfur content of the fuel does not exceed 0.0011 lb SO2/MMBtu heat input. At a minimum, the amount of fuel sampling data specified in 40 CFR 75 section 2.3.1.4 or 2.3.2.4 of appendix D is required.
  24. The permittee shall keep accurate and comprehensive records of the monthly emissions of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compound, greenhouse gas, total hazardous air pollutants, sulfur oxides (SO2), sulfuric acid mist, total PM, total PM10, total PM2.5, hexane and formaldehyde from each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 in order to demonstrate compliance with the emission limitations.
  (a) All information used to satisfy this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  25. The permittee shall submit the records of the amount of fuel used each month in each of the combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 as well as the monthly heat input (MMBtu), power output (MW-hr) and hours of operation of each unit to verify compliance with the input-based BACT and BAT efficiency limitations.
  (a) The semi-annual reports shall be submitted to the Department no later than March 1 (for January 1 through December 31 of the previous year) and September 1 (for July 1 of the previous year through June 30 of the concurrent year).
 26. The permittee shall submit the monthly emissions (including supporting documentation) of nitrogen oxides (expressed as NO2), carbon monoxide, volatile organic compound, greenhouse gas, total hazardous air pollutants, sulfur oxides (expressed as SO2), sulfuric acid mist, total PM, total PM10, total PM2.5, formaldehyde and hexane from each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 in order to demonstrate compliance with the emission limitations on a semi-annual basis.
  (a) The semi-annual reports shall be submitted to the Department no later than March 1 (for January 1 through December 31 of the previous year) and September 1 (for July 1 of the previous year through June 30 of the concurrent year).
 27. The permittee shall submit a complete Acid Rain permit application in accordance with 40 CFR 72.30(b)(2)(ii).
 28. The permittee shall submit a complete NOx Budget permit application in accordance with 40 CFR 96.21(b)(1)(ii).
 29. The permittee shall submit a complete NOx Budget permit application in accordance with 40 CFR 97.21(b)(1)(ii).
 30. The permittee shall comply with the applicable reporting requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4375.
 31. The permittee shall comply with the applicable reporting requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4380.
 32. The permittee shall comply with the applicable Mandatory GHG Reporting requirements of 40 CFR Part 98.
 (a) The facility shall comply with the requirements in 40 CFR Part 98 Subpart D, (40 CFR 98.40-98.48).
  33. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, high efficiency inlet air filters shall be used in the air inlet section of each combined-cycle powerblock incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104.
  34. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the permittee shall operate and maintain the stationary combustion turbine, heat recovery steam generator, duct burners and air pollution control equipment associated with Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104, and monitoring equipment in a manner consistent with good air pollution control practices for minimizing emissions at all times including during startup, shutdown, and malfunction.
  35. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, all air contaminant emission sources are air cleaning devices at the Moxie Patriot Generation Plant shall be maintained and operated in a manner consistent with good air pollution control practices and in accordance with the manufacturers’ recommendations and maintenance plans.
  36. Pursuant to the best available control technology of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions in 40 CFR 52.21 and of 25 Pa. Code § 127.83 as well as the best available technology provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the input-based efficiency standard for the combined-cycle power block associated with Source IDs P101 and P102 shall not exceed 5911 Btu/kW-hr (LHV) and the input-based efficiency standard for the combined-cycle power block associated with Source IDs P103 and P104 shall not exceed 5836 Btu/kW-hr (LHV)
  37. Pursuant to the best available control technology of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions in 40 CFR 52.21 and of 25 Pa. Code § 127.83 and the lowest achievable emission rate of the New Source Review Regulation provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.201—127.217 as well as the best available technology provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, each combustion turbine associated with Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall be equipped with dry-low-NOx (DLN) combustors.
 38. The permittee shall comply with all applicable work practice requirements specified in 40 CFR 60.4333.
 39. The permittee shall commence construction of and operate only one of two options that are identified below.
  (a) The first option consists of constructing two Mitsubishi M501GAC lean premix DLN natural-gas-fired combustion turbines (CT) and steam turbines (ST), where each CT and ST train are configured in a single shaft alignment and drive one common electric generator. Each unit will be equipped with natural-gas-fired duct burners (DB) and heat recovery steam generators (HRSG). Each Mitsubishi train will be capable of producing approximately 472 megawatts (MW) of electricity and is incorporated into this plan approval as Source IDs P101 and P102. The maximum heat input rating of each CT associated with Source IDs P101 and P102 shall be no greater than 2905 MMBtu/hr (high heating value, HHV). Each DB associated with Source IDs P101 and P102 shall not have a maximum heat input rating above 387 MMBtu/hr (HHV).
  (b) The second option consists of constructing two Siemens SGT6-8000H lean premix DLN natural-gas-fired CTs with STs, where each CT and ST train are configured in a single shaft alignment and drive one common electric generator. Each unit will be equipped with natural-gas-fired DBs and HRSGs. Each Siemens train will be capable of producing approximately 458 MW of electricity and incorporated into this plan approval as Source IDs P103 and P104. The maximum heat input rating of each CT associated with Source IDs P103 and P104 shall be no greater than 3007 MMBtu/hr (HHV). Each DB associated with Source ID P103 and P104 shall not have a maximum heat input rating above 164 MMBtu/hr (HHV).
  (c) Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, only two combined-cycle powerblocks shall be constructed and operated from the options identified in this condition. The two combined-cycle powerblocks chosen by the permittee shall be either the two 472 MW combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101 and P102 or the two 458 MW combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P103 and P104.
  40. The Department will evaluate the actual emission rates and may revise the allowable emission limitations based upon demonstrated performance (CEMS data, stack tests results), and/or subsequently promulgated applicable requirements during the first five years of operation. Any revision of the allowable emission limitations shall be accomplished by minor modification provided that the revised allowable emission limitations do not exceed levels at which the lowest achievable emission rate (LAER), best available control technology (BACT) and best available technology (BAT) were evaluated, do not exceed the level at which the facility impacts were modeled, and that are not a result of a physical change or change in method of operation at the facility.
  41. The combustion turbines, heat recovery steam generators and duct burners associated with each combined-cycle powerblock that are incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall comply with all applicable requirements of Subpart KKKK of the Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources, 40 CFR 60.4300—60.4420 (Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines).
 42. The permittee shall comply with the Title IV Acid Rain Program 40 CFR Parts 72—78.
  43. The permittee shall comply with the applicable requirements of 40 CFR Part 96 and 25 Pa. Code Chapter 145 Subchapter D for each of the combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104.
  44. The permittee shall comply with the applicable requirements of 40 CFR Part 97 for each of the powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104.
  45. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the duct burners associated with Source IDs P101, P102, P103 and P104 shall only be used when the respective combined-cycle powerblock is required to achieve 100% load at 458 MW or 472 MW for each powerblock option.
 46. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12;
  (a) The operation of the Mitsubishi combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101 and P102 including startups and shutdowns shall not emit more than 109.3 tons of carbon monoxide in any 12 consecutive month period, 111.2 tons of nitrogen oxides in any 12 consecutive month period, 15.2 tons of sulfur dioxide in any 12 consecutive month period, 2.4 tons of sulfuric acid mist in any 12 consecutive month period, 54.0 tons of total particulate matter (PM10) including total PM10 and PM2.5 in any 12 consecutive month period, 102.9 tons of ammonia in any 12 consecutive month period, 33.8 tons of volatile organic compounds in any 12 consecutive month period, 1,572,362 tons of greenhouse gases (expressed as CO2e) in any 12 consecutive month period, 6.23 tons of hazardous air pollutants in any 12 consecutive month period, 2.1 tons of hexane in any 12 consecutive month period, 1.24 tons of formaldehyde in any 12 consecutive month period.
  (b) The operation of the Mitsubishi combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P101 and P102 shall not emit more than 15.5 pounds of carbon monoxide per hour, 25.4 pounds of nitrogen oxides per hour and 23.5 pounds of ammonia per hour in any 1-hour period, as well as 3.5 pounds of sulfur dioxide per hour, 1.5 pounds of sulfuric acid mist per hour, 12.1 pounds of total particulate matter (PM10) including total PM10 and PM2.5 per hour, and 6.2 pounds of volatile organic compounds per hour.
  (c) The operation of the Siemens combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P103 and P104 including startups and shutdowns shall not emit more than 109.3 tons of carbon monoxide in any 12 consecutive month period, 109.0 tons of nitrogen oxides in any 12 consecutive month period, 14.6 tons of sulfur dioxide in any 12 consecutive month period, 2.2 tons of sulfuric acid mist in any 12 consecutive month period, 56.7 tons of total particulate matter (PM10) including total PM10 and PM2.5 in any 12 consecutive month period, 100.7 tons of ammonia in any 12 consecutive month period, 30.1 tons of volatile organic compounds in any 12 consecutive month period, 1,401,333 tons of greenhouse gases (expressed as CO2e) in any 12 consecutive month period, 6.23 tons of hazardous air pollutants in any 12 consecutive month period, 2.1 tons of hexane in any 12 consecutive month period, 1.24 tons of formaldehyde in any 12 consecutive month period.
  (d) The operation of the Siemens combined-cycle powerblocks incorporated into Source IDs P103 and P104 shall not emit more than 15.2 pounds of carbon monoxide per hour, 24.9 pounds of nitrogen oxides per hour and 23.0 pounds of ammonia per hour in any 1-hour period, as well as 3.3 pounds of sulfur dioxide per hour, 1.4 pounds of sulfuric acid mist per hour, 12.2 pounds of total particulate matter (PM10) including total PM10 and PM2.5 per hour and 5.4 pounds of volatile organic compounds per hour.
  47. Pursuant to the new source review provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.201—127.217, the permittee shall purchase and apply 247 tons per year of NOx emission reduction credits (ERCs) and 77.7 tons per year of VOC ERCs prior to commencement of operation of Source IDs P101 and P102 at the facility to offset the total of the net increase in potential to emit. The permittee shall certify to the Northcentral Regional Office of the Department the amount of ERCs purchased, the company from which the ERCs were purchased, and the effective date of transfer of the ERCs. The purchase and application of the NOxand VOC ERCs shall be tracked in the Department’s ERC registry system. Failure to purchase and apply the ERCs prior to commencement of operation at the facility shall make this plan approval null and void.
  48. Pursuant to the new source review provisions in 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.201—127.217, the permittee shall purchase and apply 242 tons per year of NOx emission reduction credits (ERCs) and 69.2 tons per year of VOC ERCs prior to the commencement of operation of Source IDs P103 and P104 at the facility to offset the total of the net increase in potential to emit. The permittee shall certify to the Northcentral Regional Office of the Department the amount of ERCs purchased, the company from which the ERCs were purchased, and the effective date of transfer of the ERCs. The purchase and application of the NOx and VOC ERCs shall be tracked in the Department’s ERC registry system. Failure to purchase and apply the ERCs prior to commencement of operation at the facility shall make this plan approval null and void.
 49. The restrictions in (a) apply if the permittee elects to construct the first option as identified in this plan approval.
 (a) The combined air contaminant emissions from all sources at the Moxie Patriot Generation Plant shall not emit more than 233.5 tons of carbon monoxide in any 12 consecutive month period, 206.8 tons of nitrogen oxides (as nitrogen dioxide) in any 12 consecutive month period, 67.6 tons of volatile organic compounds in any 12 consecutive month period, 2.48 tons of formaldehyde in any 12 consecutive month period, 12.5 tons of hazardous air pollutants in any 12 consecutive month period, 105.0 tons of total PM (PM/PM10/PM2.5 including condensable PM) in any 12 consecutive month period, 28.4 tons of sulfur oxides (as sulfur dioxide) in any 12 consecutive month period, 4.4 tons of sulfuric acid mist in any 12 consecutive month period and 2,960,271 tons of greenhouse gases in any 12 consecutive month period. The emissions limits specified in (b) of this condition apply at all times including during periods of startup and shutdown.
 (b) The restrictions in (c) apply if the permittee elects to construct the second option as identified in this plan approval.
 (c) The combined air contaminant emissions from all sources at the Moxie Patriot Generation Plant shall not emit more than 173.7 ton of carbon monoxide in any 12 consecutive month period, 202.8 tons of nitrogen oxides (as nitrogen dioxide) in any 12 consecutive month period, 60.2 tons of volatile organic compounds in any 12 consecutive month period, 2.64 tons of formaldehyde in any 12 consecutive month period, 10.4 tons of hazardous air pollutants in any 12 consecutive month period, 107.4 tons of total PM (PM/PM10/PM2.5 including condensable PM) in any 12 consecutive month period, 26.8 tons of sulfur oxides (as sulfur dioxide) in any 12 consecutive month period, 4.2 tons of sulfuric acid mist in any 12 consecutive month period and 2,777,179 tons of greenhouse gases in any 12 consecutive month period. The emissions limits specified in (d) of this condition apply at all times including during periods of startup and shutdown.
  50. [Compliance with this streamlined permit condition will assure compliance with the provisions of 25 Pa. Code §§ 123.13 and 123.21]
  Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the air contaminant emissions from the exhaust of the engine-generator, Source ID P105, shall not exceed the following limitations:
 (a) Nitrogen Oxides (expressed as NO2)—4.93 gm/bhp-hr, 16.0 lb/hr, 0.8 tpy;
 (b) Carbon Monoxide—0.13 gm/bhp-hr, 0.42 lb/hr, 0.02 tpy;
 (c) Volatile Organic Compound (expressed as THC)—0.01 gm/bhp-hr, 0.03 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy;
 (d) Particulate Matter less than 10 microns in diameter (PM-10)—0.02 gm/bhp-hr, 0.06 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy;
 (e) PM-2.5—0.02 gm/bhp-hr, 0.06 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy;
 (f) Sulfur Oxides (expressed as SO2)—0.005 gm/bhp-hr, 0.02 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy.
  51. Pursuant to the requirements of 40 CFR 60.4205(b) and 60.4211(c), the engine-generator, Source ID P105, shall be EPA-certified to meet the emissions standards that are specified in 40 CFR 89.112 for the same model year and maximum engine power.
  52. [Compliance with this streamlined permit condition will assure compliance with the provisions of 25 Pa. Code § 123.41] Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the visible emissions from the engine-generator, Source ID P105, shall not exceed 15% in any 3-minute period and 50% at any time.
 53. [Compliance with this streamlined permit condition will assure compliance with the provisions of 40 CFR 60.4211(f)]
  (a) Pursuant to best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the combined total operation of Source ID P105 and Source ID P106 shall not exceed 100 hours in any 12 consecutive month period.
  (b) Additionally, the engine-generator, Source ID P105, shall not be used for peak shaving or to generate income by supplying power to an electric grid or otherwise supply non-emergency power as part of a financial arrangement with another entity.
  54. Pursuant to best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the permittee shall only use diesel fuel that is classified as ULTRA-LOW SULFUR NON-HIGHWAY DIESEL FUEL (15 ppm Sulfur Maximum) pursuant to 40 CFR Part 80 Subpart I, to operate the engine-generator (Source ID P105).
  55. Pursuant to best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the engine-generator, Source ID P105, shall be equipped with a non-resettable hour meter that accurately monitors the engine-generator’s hours of operation.
 56. [Additional authority for this permit condition is also derived from the provisions of 40 CFR 60.4214(b)]
 (a) The permittee shall record the following information on the engine-generator, Source ID P105, on a monthly basis:
 (b) hours that the engine-generator operated through the non-resettable hour meter
 (c) the 12-consecutive month total hours of operation, including supporting documentation
 (d) the time of operation of the engine-generator and the reason the engine-generator was in operation during that time
  (e) The information used to demonstrate compliance with this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  57. The permittee shall keep accurate and comprehensive records of the following information for the engine-generator (Source ID P105);
  (a) the supporting information and calculations used to demonstrate that the emissions of particulate matter and sulfur oxides from the exhaust of the engine-generator comply with the requirements in 25 Pa. Code §§ 123.13 and 123.21, respectively;
 (b) monthly emissions of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compound, sulfur oxides (SO2), total PM, total PM10 and total PM2.5 to demonstrate compliance with the emission limitations
  (c) The information used to demonstrate compliance with this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  58. The permittee shall keep record of the fuel certification reports for each delivery of diesel fuel for the engine-generator (Source ID P105) to verify compliance with the fuel restriction requirements for the engine-generator.
  (a) The information used to demonstrate compliance with this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  59. Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4206, the permittee shall operate and maintain the engine-generator, Source ID P105, to achieve the emission standards specified in 40 CFR 89.112 and 89.113 over the entire life of the engine.
  (a) Any testing used to verify compliance with this work practice restriction shall be performed in accordance with 40 CFR Part 64 Subpart IIII, including 40 CFR 60.4212, and acceptable test methods and procedures to the Department.
  60. Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4211(c), the engine-generator, Source ID P105, shall be installed and configured according to the manufacturer’s emission-related specifications.
  61. Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4210(f), the engine-generator, Source ID P105, shall meet the labeling requirements in 40 CFR 60.4210(f).
  62. [Compliance with this permit condition will assure compliance with the requirements of 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart ZZZZ] The engine-generator, Source ID P105, is subject to the requirements in 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart IIII. The permittee shall comply with all applicable provisions specified 40 CFR 60.4200—60.4219, including appendices.
  63. Source ID P105 is a Caterpillar Model DM9933 1000 ekW Generator that includes a Caterpillar C32 TA, V-12, 4-stroke, water-cooled, diesel-fired reciprocating internal combustion engine (or equivalent as approved by the Department) used to supply emergency power to the site.
 (a) The engine-generator shall include electronic fuel injection and a turbocharged aspiration system.
  64. [Compliance with this streamlined permit condition will assure compliance with the provisions of 25 Pa. Code §§ 123.13 and 123.21]
  Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the engine-pump, Source ID P106, shall be EPA certified to meet the following emissions standards:
 (a) Nitrogen Oxides (expressed as NO2)—2.6 g/hp-hr, 2.6 lb/hr, 0.13 tpy;
 (b) Carbon Monoxide—0.5 g/hp-hr, 0.51 lb/hr, 0.03 tpy;
 (c) Volatile Organic Compound (expressed as THC)—0.10 g/hp-hr, 0.10 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy;
 (d) Particulate Matter less than 10 microns in diameter (PM-10)—0.09 g/hp-hr, 0.09 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy;
 (e) PM-2.5—0.09 g/hp-hr, 0.09 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy;
 (f) Sulfur Oxides (expressed as SO2)—0.005 g/hp-hr, 0.01 lb/hr, 0.01 tpy.
 65. [Compliance with this streamlined permit condition will assure compliance with the provisions of 25 Pa. Code § 123.41]
  Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the visible emissions from the engine-pump, Source ID P106, shall not exceed 15% in any 3-minute period and 50% at any time.
 66. [Additional authority for this permit condition is also derived from the provisions of 40 CFR 60.4207]
  Pursuant to best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the permittee shall only use diesel fuel that is classified as ULTRA-LOW SULFUR NON-HIGHWAY DIESEL FUEL (15 ppm Sulfur Maximum) pursuant to 40 CFR Part 80 Subpart I, to operate the engine-pump (Source ID P106).
 67. [Compliance with this streamlined permit condition assures compliance with the provisions of 40 CFR 60.4209(a)]
  Pursuant to best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the engine-pump (Source ID P106) shall be equipped with a non-resettable hour meter that accurately monitors the engine-pump’s hours of operation.
 68. The permittee shall record the following information on the engine-pump, Source ID P106, on a monthly basis:
 (a) the hours that the engine-pump operated through the non-resettable hour meter;
 (b) the 12-consecutive month total hours of operation, including supporting documentation
 (c) the time of operation of the engine-generator and the reason the engine-pump was in operation during that time
 (d) monthly emissions of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compound, sulfur oxides (SO2), total PM, total PM10 and total PM2.5 to demonstrate compliance with the emission limitations
  (e) The information used to demonstrate compliance with this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  69. The permittee shall keep accurate and comprehensive records of the following information for the engine-pump (Source ID P106);
  (a) the supporting information and documentation used to demonstrate that the emissions from the exhaust of the engine-pump comply with the emissions limitations in this permit as well as the requirements in 25 Pa. Code §§ 123.13 and 123.21.
  (b) The information used to demonstrate compliance with this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  70. The permittee shall keep record of the fuel certification reports for each delivery of diesel fuel for the engine-pump, Source ID P106, to verify compliance with the fuel restriction requirements for the engine-pump.
  (a) The information used to demonstrate compliance with this permit condition shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  71. Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4206, the permittee shall operate and maintain the engine-pump, Source ID P106, to achieve the emission standards in this permit over the entire life of the engine.
  (a) Any testing used to verify compliance with this work practice restriction shall be performed in accordance with 40 CFR Part 64 Subpart IIII, including 40 CFR 60.4212, and test methods and procedures acceptable to the Department.
  72. Pursuant to 40 CFR 60.4211(c), the engine-pump, Source ID P106, shall be installed and configured according to the manufacturer’s emission-related specifications.
 73. [Compliance with this permit condition will assure compliance with the requirements of 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart ZZZZ]
  The engine-pump, Source ID P106, is subject to the requirements in 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart IIII. The permittee shall comply with all applicable provisions specified 40 CFR 60.4200—60.4219, including appendices.
  (a) Source ID P106 is a Clark Model JX6H-UFADF0 that includes a John Deere Co. In-Line, 4-stroke, water-cooled, diesel-fired reciprocating internal combustion engine rated for 460 bhp (or equivalent as approved by the Department) used to power the fire suppression system at the facility.
 (b) The engine-pump shall include electronic fuel injection and a turbocharged aspiration system.
  74. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the duration of each test of the engine-generator (Source ID P105) or the engine-pump (Source ID P106) shall not exceed 30 minutes.
  75. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, there shall be no simultaneous testing of the engine-generator (Source ID P105) and the engine-pump (Source ID P106) within the same hour.
  76. Pursuant to the best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, testing of the engine-generator (Source ID P105) or the engine-pump (Source ID P106) shall not occur during (within the same hour as) startup or shutdown of the combustion turbines.
  77. Pursuant to best available technology requirements of 25 Pa. Code §§ 127.1 and 127.12, the combined total operation of the engine-generator (Source ID P105) and the engine-pump (Source ID P106) shall not exceed 100 hours in any 12 consecutive month period.
  78. The permittee shall submit the monthly hours of operation for the engine-generator (Source ID P105) and the engine-pump (Source ID P106) in order to demonstrate compliance with the operational limitations on a semi-annual basis.
  (a) The semi-annual reports shall be submitted to the Department no later than March 1 (for January 1 through December 31 of the previous year) and September 1 (for July 1 of the previous year through June 30 of the concurrent year).
 79. [Compliance with this streamlined permit condition assures compliance with the provisions of 25 Pa. Code § 129.57]
  The permittee shall not store any liquid containing volatile organic compounds (VOC) with a vapor pressure greater than 1.5 psia (10.5 kilopascals) under actual storage conditions in each storage tank associated with Source ID P107 unless each of the tanks are equipped with pressure relief valve which is maintained in good operating condition and which are set to release at no less than 0.7 psig of pressure or 0.3 psig of vacuum, or the highest possible pressure and vacuum in accordance with state or local fire codes or the National Fire Prevention Association guidelines or other national consensus standards acceptable to the Department.
  80. The permittee shall keep a record of the vapor pressure of the contents of each storage tank associated with Source ID P107 unless the respective tank is equipped with pressure relief valves that meets the requirement in this permit relating to pressure release settings.
  (a) The information used to demonstrate compliance with this recordkeeping requirement shall be kept for a minimum of five (5) years and shall be made available to the Department upon request.
  81. Source ID P107 consists of two (2) 15,000-gallon lube oil tanks and each tank services the lubing system associated with each of the electric generating units.
  All pertinent documents used in the evaluation of the application are available for public review during normal business hours at the Department’s North Central Regional office, 208 West Third Street, Suite 101, Williamsport, PA 17701. Appointments for scheduling a review must be made by calling 570 327 3693.
  Any person(s) wishing to provide the Department with additional information, which they believe should be considered prior to the issuance of this plan approval, may submit the information to the Department of Environmental Protection at the address shown in the preceding paragraph. A 30-day comment period from the date of this publication will exist for the submission of comments. Each written comment must contain the name, address and telephone number of the person submitting the comments, identification of the proposed permit (specify Plan Approval No. 41-00084A) and a concise statement regarding the relevancy of the information or objections to issuance of the plan approval.
  A public hearing may be held, if the Department of Environmental Protection, in its discretion, decides that such a hearing is warranted based on the information received. All persons submitting comments or requesting a hearing will be notified of the decision to hold a hearing by publication in the newspaper or by the Pennsylvania Bulletin, or by telephone, where the Department of Environmental Protection determines such notification is sufficient. Written comments or requests for a public hearing should be directed to Muhammad Q. Zaman, Environmental Program Manager, Department of Environmental Protection, Air Quality Program, North Central Regional Office, 208 West Third Street, Suite 101, Williamsport, PA 17701, 570 327 3648.

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